Steven ApplegatePeriod: 4B 5-3-11
Hippocampus
Hippocampus
Hippocampus
Background Information:

The Hippocampus is used commonly in Greek, Phoenician, and Etruscan mythology. In all types of mythology it is described as a large, scaly horse with a fishlike tail like that of a whale. They are known as the horses of Poseidon because Poseidon is the god of horses, the sea, and earthquakes, and he is often seen riding on a large chariot pulled by several hippocampi. The hippocampus has the ability to swim in water and also to walk on land although it is usually depicted in the water.






Appearances in Architecture and Artwork:
Trevi Fountain
Trevi Fountain

The Hippocampus was popularly used in mosaics as decorations for public baths and other places where water is in use. This is because they are often used to represent Posiedon's power and control over water.There is an elaborate bronze sculpture of hippocampi in the temple of Posiedon at Corinth from the second century CE. The Hippocampus was always depicted in ancient Roman times but it has also been used in artwork and statues in modern times as well. The Trevi fountain, shown to the right, was built in the 18th century, much more recent than most of the older paintins and drawings on ancient vases and pottery.


Work Cited:
"Iliad." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 04 May 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iliad>.

"Hippocampus - Mythical Creatures Guide." Mythical Creatures and Beasts - Mythical Creatures Guide. Web. 04 May 2011. <http://www.mythicalcreaturesguide.com/page/Hippocampus>.